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At Sangorski & Sutcliffe

May 30, 2017
by the gentle author

As a twenty-one year old photojournalist, Monty Meth visited Sangorski & Sutcliffe, traditional bookbinders, and took portraits of the craftsmen and women at their workshop in Poland St, published in ‘The Sphere’ in September 1947. Remarkably, Sangorski & Sutcliffe are still in business today, producing bindings in the time honoured-fashion and operating now from premises in Victoria.

Head of the firm, Mr Stanley Bray, works on the special binding for ‘The Rubaiyat of Omar  Khayyam’ a task which it will take him ten years to complete. Around him can be seen the original drawings of the two previous bindings which were lost – the first in the Titanic disaster and the second during the London Blitz. The covers will contain one thousand and fifty-one jewels inset into the leather, use five thousand pieces of leather and contain one hundred square feet of gold leaf. The completed book will be a fine and rare specimen of the English bookbinder’s art.

Cutting the edges of the book –  the instrument being operated by the craftsman in this picture is a miniature “plough,” whose accuracy and fineness of finish are essential to good work.

The sections of the book are sewn on a frame. This type of frame is essentially the same as those in use for hundreds of years in the bookbinding craft. Each section – usually of eight or sixteen pages – is sewn to the cords singly, until the whole book has been built up ready for the boards or covers to be added.

Sewing in the headband – this band, woven in at the top and bottom of the book will protect it against rough usage in handling on the bookshelves. In the finished volume, both the headbands are covered by the leather binding. The headbands are made up of silks in contrasted colours.

The cords which bind the sections of the book are frayed out so that they can be laced into the boards which form the covers. The smoothness of the finish of the leather depends upon this operation.

Cutting up a skin for leather back and corners. The original, rich, dark-red, native-tanned Nigerian goatskin, almost identical to the Morocco used by French and English master-binders of the eighteenth century, is now used for binding many books in this country today. The leather is usually British-dyed. Here it is being cut to size for back and corners ready for paring, as shown below. The grain of the leather adds to the finish of the book.

Before being pasted to the back and corners of the book, the leather has to be pared to a suitable thickness. The leather must be capable of being turned neatly over all the joints and it must also be of uniform thickness. Hence it is pared by an expert on a stone, a task which calls for great skill and sureness of touch.

The bands on the back of the book are sharpened. Before a book is lettered, the expert finisher secures as much definition as possible. Later he will add lines across the back which will add greatly to the general attractiveness of the book.

The leather margin of the front cover is decorated with gold leaf ornamentation. This work is undertaken by a finisher, who is responsible for all the tooling on the leather. He is the aristocrat of the bindery, and upon his invention in design and skill in execution the final appearance of the book depends. The craftsman above is considered by experts to be one of the best in the country today.

A very important feature of bookbinding is the restoration of old books – they come from rare bookshelves and most of them are old classics. Under an expert craftsman’s hand, they will regain all their old charm and use.

The completed volumes, hand-produced in every binding detail, receive their final pressing from twelve to twenty-four hours. After that, they will be ready to sustain the roughest usage. This massive press is over one hundred years old and is still in full use.

At one time, Britain enjoyed a great reputation for the craftsmanship of our hand bookbinders. From Cromwellian times onwards right up to the late-Victorian days, leather-bound books lined the shelves of our forefathers. Very few firms remain in this country to pursue this ancient craft, but amongst those which remain, Sangorski & Sutcliffe hold a very high place – in fact, amongst connoisseurs of bookbinding they rank at the very top. The binding of a book necessitates thirty-eight different operations – as yet, no machine has been invented which competes in skill and artistry with the art of the hand bookbinder. At their workshops in Poland St, craftsmen have prepared books for many exhibitions since 1904 – and as proof that this kind of bookbinding is still in demand by book lovers all over the world,  sixty-five per cent of theoutput is for export.

You may also like to read my profile  of Monty Meth

Monty Meth, Photographer & Journalist

and take a look at

At the the Wyvern Bindery

10 Responses leave one →
  1. May 30, 2017

    Wonderful photos – I wonder where the finished book went to? Glad the firm is still in existence. Valerie

  2. Shawdian permalink
    May 30, 2017

    Good to see those people at work on a skill which has fascinated me since childhood, whence I loved the knowledge, look, form & smell of books and led me to make my own hand made journals for note recording etc. I stayed with the Monks at Quarr Abbey just up the road from where I live and was thrilled to watch them at work Book Binding and seeing some of the most beautiful craftmanship I know I will never again see at such close quaters. At the start of the E-books revolution many predicted the end of realtime books; “Never!” As convenient as the e-books are, you can not beat the Anticipation, Joy, Closeness, Feel and Smell of One of The Greatest Pleasures in Life : Holding a Real Book in ones hands and when you finish reading its secret contents, you then have the long term pleasure of seeing your collection of books on your shelves. Some of my most treasured books are signed first editions, some from 1874 and I wonder who those people were who made those treasures and the strangers who owned those books before me, their hands and their minds leafing through beautiful leather bound books crisp white or cream pages still passing on their message into the modern world. But my most treasured are the ones signed and anotated by George Bernard Shaw. Books bring you close to their creators in a personal way no e-book ever can. A book is as personal and as individual as the person who creates them and the people who buy and read them. Thank you Sangorski & Suttcliff and well done, the book binding skills you are continuing are very important. Long may the skills of book binding continue.

  3. May 30, 2017

    This is a fascinating blog by GA today showing aspects of the printing trade rarely seen. Book production shown here would be for the top end of the trade. Equipment shown could be hundreds of years old in design and shop floor presence. Skills have been past down with little change. These super-printers and binders are tops with the restoration (shown here) and enhancement of old books, manuscripts & docs for National Libraries, Museums & Private collections saving many for posterity. My favourite’s are the heavy bound leather volumes with tooled or embossed gold inlay, one can only gasp at the quality, nice to see, touch & smell can be heavy. My late father in law told me aspects of the trade. He was a small job printer humdinger of a bloke his work discipline reflected in his home life nice. He had a break went to war and earned his medals. Poet John

  4. Wendy Lowe permalink
    May 30, 2017

    Thank you for writing about this interesting firm.

  5. Gary Arber permalink
    May 30, 2017

    I wonder if this was the company who bound the book containing the record of the murder at the red barn. The murderer of this well documented murder was hung and his corpse was skinned and used to bind this book. People who have handled this book say that it has an unpleasant feel.

  6. theodora permalink
    May 30, 2017

    What a fantastic post! thank you

  7. gkbowood permalink
    May 30, 2017

    WELL! This definitely calls for an encore visit to SEE that (hopefully now finished!) jeweled edition of The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam!! Loved this look back at a magical process. Thank
    you for this post.

  8. John Campbell permalink
    May 30, 2017

    Great post, really interesting. I thought the young woman in picture 4 looked very 21st century!

  9. Jane permalink
    March 31, 2018

    My grandfather was workshop foreman for this company at one time and helped with the production of the Bibles and Order of Service books for Queen Elizabeth’s coronation in 1953. Fascinating blog

  10. Michelle edwards permalink
    April 8, 2024

    My Nan worked there until 1974. I still have the book she was given as a retirement gift

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