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At God’s Convenience

February 23, 2011
by the gentle author

“Slovenliness is no part of Religion. Cleanliness is indeed close to Godliness” – John Wesley, 1791

Oftentimes, walking between Spitalfields and Covent Garden, I pass through Bunhill Fields where – in passing – I can pay my respects to William Blake, Daniel Defoe and John Bunyan who are buried there, and sometimes I also stop off at John Wesley’s Chapel’s in the City Rd to pay a visit to the underground shrine of Thomas Crapper – the champion of the flushing toilet and inventor of the ballcock.

It seems wholly appropriate that here, at the mother church of the Methodist movement, is preserved one of London’s finest historic toilets, still in a perfect working order today. Although installed in 1899, over a century after John Wesley’s death, I like to think that if he returned today Wesley would be proud to see such immaculate facilities provided to worshippers at his chapel – thereby catering to their mortal as well as their spiritual needs. The irony is that even those, such as myself, who come here primarily to fulfil a physical function cannot fail to be touched by the stillness of this peaceful refuge from the clamour of the City Rd.

There is a sepulchral light that glimmers as you descend beneath the chapel to enter the gleaming sanctum where, on the right hand side of the aisle, eight cedar cubicles present themselves, facing eight urinals to the left, with eight marble washbasins behind a screen at the far end. A harmonious arrangement that reminds us of the Christian symbolism of the number eight as the number of redemption – represented by baptism – which is why baptismal fonts are octagonal. Appropriately, eight was also the number of humans rescued from the deluge upon Noah’s Ark.

Never have I seen a more beautifully kept toilet than this, every wooden surface has been waxed, the marble and mosaics shine, and each cubicle has a generous supply of rolls of soft white paper. It is both a flawless illustration of the rigours of the Methodist temperament and an image of what a toilet might be like in heaven. The devout atmosphere of George Dance’s chapel built for John Wesley in 1778, and improved in 1891 for the centenary of Wesley’s death – when the original pillars made of ships’ masts were replaced with marble from each country in the world where Methodists preached the gospel – pervades, encouraging solemn thoughts, even down here in the toilet. And the extravagant display of exotic marble, some of it bearing an uncanny resemblance to dog meat, complements the marble pillars in the chapel above.

Sitting in a cubicle, you may contemplate your mortality and, when the moment comes, a text on the ceramic pull invites you to “Pull & Let Go.” It is a parable in itself – you put your trust in the Lord and your sins are flushed away in a tumultuous rush of water that recalls Moses parting the Red Sea. Then you may wash your hands in the marble basin and ascend to the chapel to join the congregation of the worthy.

Yet before you leave and enter Methodist paradise, a moment of silent remembrance for the genius of Thomas Crapper is appropriate. Contrary to schoolboy myth, he did not give his name to the colloquial term for bowel movements, which, as any etymologist will tell you, is at least of Anglo-Saxon origin. Should you lift the toilet seat, you will discover¬†“The Venerable” is revealed upon the rim, as the particular model of the chinaware, and it is an epithet that we may also apply to Thomas Crapper. Although born to humble origins in 1836 as the son of a sailor, Crapper rose to greatness as the evangelist of the flushing toilet, earning the first royal warrant for sanitary-ware from Prince Edward in the eighteen eighties and creating a business empire that lasted until 1963.

Should your attention be entirely absorbed by this matchless parade of eight Crapper’s Valveless Waste Preventers, do not neglect to admire the sparkling procession of urinals opposite by George Jennings (1810-1882) – celebrated as the inventor of the public toilet. 827,280 visitors paid a penny for the novelty of using his Monkey Closets in the retiring rooms at the Great Exhibition of 1851, giving rise to the popular euphemism, “spend a penny,” still in use today in overly polite circles.

Once composure and physical comfort are restored, you may wish to visit the chapel to say a prayer of thanks or, as I like to do, visit John Wesley’s house seeking inspiration in the life of the great preacher. Wesley preached a doctrine of love to those who might not enter a church, and campaigned for prison reform and the abolition of slavery, giving more than forty thousand sermons in his lifetime, often several a day and many in the open air – travelling between them on horseback. In his modest house, where he once ate at the same table as his servants, you can see the tiny travelling lamp that he carried with him to avoid falling off his horse (as he did frequently), his nightcap, his shoes, his spectacles, his robe believed to have been made out of a pair of old curtains, the teapot that Josiah Wedgwood designed for him, and the exercising chair that replicated the motion of horse-riding, enabling Wesley to keep his thigh muscles taut when not on the road.

A visit to the memorial garden at the rear of the chapel to examine Wesley’s tomb will reveal that familiar term from the toilet bowl “The Venerable” graven in stone in 1791 to describe John Wesley himself, which prompts the question whether this was where Thomas Crapper got the idea for the name of his contraption, honouring John Wesley in sanitary-ware.

Let us thank the Lord if we are ever caught short on the City Rd because, due to the good works of the venerable Thomas Crapper and the venerable John Wesley, relief and consolation for both body and soul are readily to hand at God’s convenience.

Watch Thomas Crapper’s works in action in this short film by clicking here.

Nineteenth century fixtures by Thomas Crapper, still in perfect working order.

“The Venerable”

Put your trust in the Lord.

Cubicles for private worship.

Stalls for individual prayer.

In memoriam, George Jennings, inventor of the public toilet.

Upon John Wesley’s Tomb.

John Wesley’s Chapel

John Wesley’s exercise chair to simulate the motion of horseriding,

John Wesley excused himself unexpectedly from the table …

New wallpaper in John Wesley’s parlour from an eighteenth century design at Kew Palace.

The view from John Wesley’s window across to Bunhill Fields where, when there were no leaves upon the trees, he could see the white tombstone marking his mother’s grave.

Learn about John Wesley’s chapel at

Crapper sanitary-ware is still available from

You may also like to read about Agnese Sanvito, Toilets at Dawn

13 Responses leave one →
  1. jeannette permalink
    February 23, 2011

    i love this whole post, god bless the methodists! but peter ackroyd had led me to understand blake was buried in an unmarked pauper’s grave. in any case, the pic of bunhill fields so cozily ensconsed among the living and of the living so cozily ensconsed among the dead is very very very touching. thank you.

  2. February 23, 2011

    Absloutely superb!

  3. February 23, 2011

    Soft white paper – is that not a touch self-indulgent? Surely medicated Izal (the shiny scratchy stuff) would be more Methodist? Or am I thinking of the Wee Frees?

    PS – is this preparatory to some reflections on the protective listing just issued for Bunhill Fields, not to mention the tomb of the remarkable Dame Mary Page:

  4. February 23, 2011

    Amazing. I recently blogged about Jennings and the first ever public flushing toilets at ‘The Victorianist’.

    In the blog I asked for any modern examples of surviving Victorian public lavatories, but I think this one takes the biscuit!

    great post, I thoroughly enjoy your blog!

  5. February 23, 2011

    if you don’t know where you came from, you won’t know what heights you can reach

  6. February 23, 2011

    – Jeanette – Blake is buried in a paupers grave. His tombstone reads “nearby lie the remains of..”

    – Spiritual Life – what an amazing post. Thank you. I too am interested in fantastic toilets ( yea, I know) as I think they are the mark of civilisation! If I come across a fantastic convenience, I will take photos too. Madness. But there is a public house in Sheen called The Victoria, which has similar toilets to these, albeit they are very new. Please email me if you woudl like photos.
    I can’t believe I just offered to email photos of a toilet to a stranger.

  7. paul permalink
    February 23, 2011

    Spitalfields Life goes from strength to strength, what a joy! Funnily enough this week-end I’d read about this wonderful convenience in a little book that readers may enjoy (though not as much as this blog I’m sure), ‘Secret London – An Unusual Guide’ by Rachel Howard & Bill Nash. Happy Discoveries!

  8. Chris permalink
    February 23, 2011

    Crapper are still in business and they still sell The Venerable, the Valveless Waste Preventer and the ceramic chain pull. Used them when restoring our Victorian bathroom a couple of years ago they are at

    Great post – really enjoyed reading.

  9. Anne Forster permalink
    February 23, 2011

    Marvellous, thank God there are still such lavs in their original state. So well kept too.

  10. Donald Carlton Burns permalink
    February 24, 2011

    Carlton Burns

    Although residing inSan Francisco (CA), I set aside time to enjoy the gentle words of each Spitalfield delight. Today’s offering touched a reflective, peaceful, altogether delightful – and, as usual, very well writtten – exoposition on the restorative values of the loo. Here is yet another contribution to our collective enlightenment that I am forwarding to friends both in the US and the UK. Thank you for the pause that truly refreshes.

  11. Olha permalink
    February 28, 2011

    Brilliant! … Is the Ladies’ there just as spectacular?

  12. stephen e permalink
    January 24, 2012

    thanks for the photos .Must visit the Wesley house soon

  13. April 26, 2017

    Thank you for visiting us and writing such a wonderful blog post! Our toilet are fantastic aren’t they?
    Everyone is welcome whether you are interested in the history of Wesley’s House, to see the museum or go into the chapel. Everything is free and we are open Mon-Sat 10am-3pm.
    We have re-enactment events once a month too! Stay tuned by visiting our website

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