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C A Mathew, Photographer

June 28, 2023
by the gentle author

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On my tour, we visit some of the locations of C A Mathew‘s photographs to discover how Spitalfields has changed. One theory is Mathew took the photos to record the Jewish street life of Spitalfields and another is he took them to pass the time when his train from Liverpool St Station was delayed by two hours – but on my tour we reveal the truth behind the mystery of the photographer’s intentions.

In Crispin St, looking towards the Spitalfields Market


On Saturday April 20th 1912, C.A.Mathew walked out of Liverpool St Station with a camera in hand. No-one knows for certain why he chose to wander through the streets of Spitalfields taking photographs that day. It may be that the pictures were a commission, though this seems unlikely as they were never published. I prefer the other theory, that he was waiting for the train home to Brightlingsea in Essex where he had a studio in Tower St, and simply walked out of the station, taking these pictures to pass the time. It is not impossible that these exceptional photographs owe their existence to something as mundane as a delayed train.

Little is known of C.A.Mathew, who only started photography in 1911, the year before these pictures and died eleven years later in 1923 – yet today his beautiful set of photographs preserved at the Bishopsgate Institute exists as the most vivid evocation we have of Spitalfields at this time.

Because C.A.Mathew is such an enigmatic figure, I have conjured my own picture of him in a shabby suit and bowler hat, with a threadbare tweed coat and muffler against the chill April wind. I can see him trudging the streets of Spitalfields lugging his camera, grimacing behind his thick moustache as he squints at the sky to apprise the light and the buildings. Let me admit, it is hard to resist a sense of connection to him because of the generous humanity of some of these images. While his contemporaries sought more self-consciously picturesque staged photographs, C.A.Mathew’s pictures possess a relaxed spontaneity, even an informal quality, that allows his subjects to meet our gaze as equals. As viewer, we are put in the same position as the photographer and the residents of Spitalfields 1912 are peering at us with unknowing curiosity, while we observe them from the reverse of time’s two-way mirror.

How populated these pictures are. The streets of Spitalfields were fuller in those days – doubly surprising when you remember that this was a Jewish neighbourhood then and these photographs were taken upon the Sabbath. It is a joy to see so many children playing in the street, a sight no longer to be seen in Spitalfields. The other aspect of these photographs which is surprising to a modern eye is that the people, and especially the children, are well-dressed on the whole. They do not look like poor people and, contrary to the widespread perception that this was an area dominated by poverty at that time, I only spotted one bare-footed urchin among the hundreds of figures in these photographs.

The other source of fascination here is to see how some streets have changed beyond recognition while others remain almost identical. Most of all it is the human details that touch me, scrutinising each of the individual figures presenting themselves with dignity in their worn clothes, and the children who treat the streets as their own. Spot the boy in the photograph above standing on the truck with his hoop and the girl sitting in the pram that she is too big for. In the view through Spitalfields to Christ Church from Bishopsgate, observe the boy in the cap leaning against the lamppost in the middle of Bishopsgate with such proprietorial ease, unthinkable in today’s traffic.

These pictures are all that exists of the life of C.A.Mathew, but I think they are a fine legacy for us to remember him because they contain a whole world in these few streets, that we could never know in such vibrant detail if it were not for him. Such is the haphazard nature of human life that these images may be the consequence of a delayed train, yet irrespective of the obscure circumstances of their origin, this is photography of the highest order. C.A.Mathew was recording life.


Looking down Brushfield St towards Christ Church, Spitalfields.

Bell Lane looking towards Crispin St.

Looking up Middlesex St from Bishopsgate.

Looking down Sandys Row from Artillery Lane – observe the horse and cart approaching in the distance.

Looking down Frying Pan Alley towards Crispin St.

Looking down Middlesex St towards Bishopsgate.

Widegate St looking towards Artillery Passage.

In Spital Square, looking towards the market.

At the corner of Sandys Row and Frying Pan Alley.

At the junction of Seward St and Artillery Lane.

Looking down Artillery Lane towards Artillery Passage.

An enlargement of the picture above reveals the newshoarding announcing the sinking of the Titanic, confirming the date of this photograph as 1912.

Spitalfields as C.A.Mathew found it, Bacon’s “Citizen” Map of the City of London 1912.

Photographs courtesy of Bishopsgate Institute

8 Responses leave one →
  1. Emma permalink
    June 28, 2023

    You don’t see many children there today. An amazing number in these photographs – were they really just “there”? It looks like a highly organised set to me. They are amazing – thank you again for sharing your fascinating research into London’s past.

  2. debra sewell permalink
    June 28, 2023

    As usual children in groups love their pics taken. Esp in those days. AND I NOTICED THE. DATE. APRIL. 1912. THE TITANIC HAS JUST SANK. Amazing photos. And freaky as caught in time in photo, yet all in photos now gone. forever .yet here they are !!

    thank you


  3. Adele Lester permalink
    June 28, 2023

    Saturday mornings Jewish children dressed in their ‘best’ for the Sabbath and off to play in the streets with their friends. This scene was probably duplicated hundreds of times throughout the East end.a

  4. Cherub permalink
    June 28, 2023

    The poster with the Titanic tragedy is very poignant given what happened last week.

  5. Mr Peter J Washington permalink
    June 29, 2023

    Your prose is some of the finest I have ever read, without the photographs reading your descriptions conjures up a clear though process indeed.

  6. Michael Harkins permalink
    July 1, 2023

    Such vibrant life in the faces of all who were captured in these photographs—a moment come and gone—yet eternal, thanks to C.A. Matthew. And thank you, Gentle Author, for sharing these. Spitalfields Life is the first thing I read, every day…

  7. David Lawson permalink
    July 9, 2023

    A couple of years later and my father would have been among the throng of Jewish children in their best Sabbath clothes. Born in Fort Road [now long gone under Spitalfields Market extension] just off top right of the Spital Square photo.

  8. Jonathan Marx permalink
    July 12, 2023


    We met back in 2012 when you then visited Sandys Row Synagogue near to Spitalfields market. You then published an account in Spitalfields Life of May 30th 2012 entitled “Return of the Hamburgs & the Mekelburgs”.

    I recently read your blog of June 28 2023 where, it seemed to me, you were puzzling over the well-dressed nature of the children in C.A.Mathew’s photos. These photos were taken, you mention, on Saturday April 20th 1912 which is also the sabbath for Jews. On the sabbath it is still customary for traditionally observant Jews to wear their finest clothes in honour of the sabbath.

    Hope this helps a little,

    Best wishes,

    Jon Marx

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