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Treves & Lister Houses Are Saved

August 15, 2019
by the gentle author

In an extraordinary reversal of policy by Tower Hamlets Council – delivering a landmark victory in the fight against redevelopment of council housing in London – Mayor John Biggs announced on Tuesday night that plans for the demolition of Treves & Lister Houses have been abandoned. The residents came together and waged a brave campaign to save their homes and they won.

Below I tell the extraordinary story of the heroic life of the architect Count Ralph Smorczewski.

Treves House, Whitechapel

I doubt if passers-by give a second thought to Treves House or its neighbour Lister House as they hurry up and down Vallance Rd between Whitechapel and Bethnal Green. Yet these two understated modernist buildings with clean lines and elegant proportions – one a long terrace and the other a tall block – were designed in 1956 by the architect Count Ralph Smorczewski, a man whose astonishing story connects to the very essence of the history of Whitechapel.

Until this week, these buildings faced an uncertain future. In recent years, the council failed to maintain them properly, encouraging decay and neglect. Tenants and leaseholders, including long-term resident ninety-five year old Sophie Spielman, feared they would be evicted and their homes demolished. Now these buildings are saved, perhaps they will be better appreciated, especially in the light of the architect’s heroic life and altruistic ambitions.

Ralph Smorczewski (1925-2009) grew up on his family’s estates in Tarnogóra and Stryjów, in the province of Lublin, Poland. Under the Nazi occupation, transports of Jewish people arriving from Germany and Austria began in 1942. In the summer, Ralph’s father realised these people were dying of starvation and applied to the Nazis for the maximum number of farm workers, as a means to feed and keep alive as many Jews as possible. Yet in the autumn, they were rounded up and packed into trains, bound for the death camps.

Ralph was just seventeen years old when this happened. It was a formative experience that informed his actions for the rest of his life. At eighteen years of age, he contacted the Polish Resistance and was sworn into their ranks. As the Red Army invaded, he and his family moved to Warsaw. When the Red Army arrived in August 1944, Ralph fought heroically with the Resistance in the Warsaw Uprising and worked as a surgeon’s assistant in a military hospital, before being arrested and interrogated by the SS. Despite torture and confinement, he gave no information and even convinced them he was Hungarian, leading to his eventual release.

Fleeing Warsaw, Ralph rejoined the Resistance in the forests near Czestochowa and was appointed second-in-command of a troupe. They killed a group of Nazi soldiers who had perpetrated some of the worst atrocities of the Warsaw Uprising, before taking part in a four-day battle against SS near the village of Krzepin.

In 1945, Ralph and his family obtained passes taking them by train to Vienna where they joined a refugee convoy fleeing west. When they reached Italy, Ralph joined the Polish II Corps, part of the Eighth Army. Posted to the 7th Horse Artillery Regiment, he graduated from the Officers’ School in June 1946 and, that autumn, arrived in England with the Corps, possessing little more than his uniform.

Ralph graduated from the Architectural Assocation in 1951 at twenty-six years old and worked at Stillman & Eastwick Field, one of the most notable practices contributing to idealistic post-war reconstruction of schools, hospitals and public housing.

Among the first buildings Ralph designed for Stillman & Eastwick Field were Treves House and Lister House in Whitechapel. This project served as the natural outcome of his experiences in the war. Certainly, it was no accident that he undertook this assignment to provide better homes for Jewish people. One such was Nathan Spielman, who was moved from a slum dwelling in Anthony St to Treves House in 1958, before marrying Sophie in 1962. Thus it is that the story of Sophie, the last of the original Jewish residents, connects to that of Ralph who designed the buildings, and both stories co-exist as part of the story of Whitechapel itself.

Yet Treves House and Lister House do more than reflect an historical moment. In the generosity of their accommodation, they embody the humane values that led to their creation. These fine buildings deserve to be cherished because we need them to remind us of their origin and serve as an inspiration for generations to come.

Lister House, Whitechapel

Residents of Treves & Lister House: (From left to right) Tasahood Choudury, Ashraf Choudury, Hasan Zaman (behind), Muhammad Noor, Usama Noor, Nabiha Haque, Sophie Spielman, Mr Kamal, Ziaul Syed, Ayman Syed (in front), Syed Hass (behind), Muhammad Khan, Mahrisa Khan (in front), Syed Ali, Ayaan Ali, Satyendra Roy, Elif Ozturk, Ismigul Osturk, Mjibur Rahman & Khayrun Begum (in front).

Count Ralph Smorczewski, Architect of Treves House & Lister House

Photograph of residents © Sarah Ainslie

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14 Responses leave one →
  1. Ian Silverton permalink
    August 15, 2019

    They built many of these new homes in Bethnal Green when we lived there knocking down all my old friends and Family’s homes they had all lived in for years, some where never seen again as they where cut off by the top floors, people where never the same again a lost community gone forever,many then swapped there Council Housing for more distance properties elsewhere they where so unhappy, now I look back a see what they built to replace so called slums!!! Have turned into the very same thing,very sad to read and see, Bethnal Green used to have Tree Lined Streets with Terrence Houses all had small back yards with grass and live stock even horses stable at the back,chickens etc etc all destroyed in the name of progress,very sad IMHO that is. Have a nice Day Uk.

  2. mlaiuppa permalink
    August 15, 2019

    Not familiar with Treves but is Lister house named after Jane Lister?

  3. August 15, 2019

    Good news indeed! Valerie

  4. Jill Wilson permalink
    August 15, 2019

    Great news! I hope the buildings will be properly maintained by the council from now on as they are obviously loved and appreciated by the residents.

  5. August 15, 2019

    Praise the Lord!
    Phil

  6. August 15, 2019

    and well done!
    P

  7. August 15, 2019

    I am so pleased with the positive result of the Residents’ campaign . Brilliant!! Enjoy

  8. Annie permalink
    August 15, 2019

    Excellent news!

  9. August 15, 2019

    Bravo! Wonderful news and wonderful article. Thank you.

  10. Amanda permalink
    August 15, 2019

    A fantastic article of courage and solidarity.
    Well done ! to all the residents for sticking together.

    Shame on the council for the neglect in the first place.

    And what a distinguished, lovely looking man Ralph was.

  11. Adele permalink
    August 15, 2019

    Well done 95-year old Sophie Spielman and neighbors for all your hard work in achieving this well-deserved outcome!

  12. Shirley prendergast permalink
    August 15, 2019

    What wonderful news and congratulations to all who worked so hard
    To made this happen. And thank you too Gentle
    Author letting us share this extraordinary story of courage and
    Perseverance.

  13. Michael S Levy permalink
    August 16, 2019

    Very beautifully written. Thank you.

  14. Helga permalink
    September 13, 2019

    Heroes pursue the good of others!

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