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The Oldest Mulberry In Britain

May 5, 2015
by the gentle author

The Mulberry planted at Syon in 1548 by Botanist, Dr William Turner

When I was invited to visit the oldest tree in the East End recently and readers subsequently led me to other ancient Mulberries in the territory, I did not expect that my journey would take me over to Syon Park in West London where the oldest Mulberry of all flourishes.

Yet I doubt if many visitors who cast their eyes from the windows of the long gallery of the fine eighteenth country house, designed by Robert Adam for the Duke of Northumberland, even notice the venerable Mulberry growing close to the ground in the water meadow and surrounded by its own enclosure.

Botanist, Chaplain & Physician to the Duke of Somerset, Dr William Turner planted Mulberries and laid out physic gardens, publishing his Names of Herbes here in 1548, less than ten years after the dissolution of the Abbey. The previous year, Henry VIII’s coffin had rested overnight at Syon on its way to Windsor for burial and the discovery next morning, of canines licking up seepage from the coffin, is claimed to have been the origin of the derogatory “Dog’s Breakfast.”

Henry might well have been very grateful of some Mulberries for their medicinal qualities in his later years, as outlined in the Names of Herbes by the knowledgeable Dr Turner who imported the tree from Persia 

“The Virtues of the Mulberry tree

The fruit of the Mulberry tree looseth the belly and it is good for the stomach, but it is easily corrupt or rotten. The juice of Mulberries doth the same. If it be sodden in a brazen vessel and set out in the sun, it is good for the flowing of the humours, for eating sores, and for inflammation of the kernels under the chin, with a little honey. But his strength increaseth if ye put unto him alum de pluma, galles, saffron, myr, the seed of Tamarisk, Ireos or Aris, and Frankincense. The unripe berries of this tree are good to be dried and bruised and put into meat in the stead of sumach berries for them that have the flix. The bark of this tree sodden in water, looseth the belly. It driveth  broad worms out of the belly. It is also good for them that have drunken the poison called aconitum pardalianches or libardis bayn. The leaves are good to lay at a burning. The juice of the leaves taken in the quantity of cyat is a good remedy against the biting of the field spider. It is good to wash the aching teeth with the broth of the bark and leaves hot, to drive the pain away. The roots being cut, nicked to scorched, about the last end of harvest, ye must make a furrow around it, and it will put forth a juice which ye may find in the next day after clumped or grown together. This juice is exceedingly good for toothache, it scattereth and driveth away swelling lumps and purgeth the belly.”

John Claudius Louden, the celebrated Botanist, Landscape and Cemetery Designer drew the Syon Mulberry and described it as twenty-two feet high in 1834 when he surveyed it for his definitive horticultural work, the Aboretum et Fruticetum Britannicum. Already, in his time, the tree was held up by props, but in recent years it lies supine in the buttercup meadow, stretching out its limbs like a weary old man relaxing in the long grass.

I was grateful for the generosity of the gardener who, upon learning that I had come from other side of London to see the Mulberry, took pity on me and led me through the locked gate into the private grounds where the ancient tree grows in peace, far from the tourist crowds. This is the last riverside meadow that has not been embanked, where the Thames rises up each winter to cover it with water, and it was lush with wild flowers that you would not expect to see in the city. There, surrounded by cow parsley and with beehives nestling among its branches, the oldest Mulberry in Britain takes its ease.

“It hath hoary flowers, and a fruit in proportion something long, – in colour, when it cometh first forth, white – in continuation of time it waxeth red and afterward, when it is full ripe, it is black.”

The Syon Mulberry as illustrated in Loudon’s ‘Aboretum & Fruticetum,’ 1838

The Syon Mulberry has its own enclosure in the water meadow

You might like to read more about

The Oldest Tree in the East End

The Haggerston Mulberry

The Dalston Mulberry

The Whitechapel Mulberry

11 Responses leave one →
  1. May 5, 2015

    I was worried about biting field spiders, so thanks for listing the remedy 🙂

  2. May 5, 2015

    I have so enjoyed your Mulberry tree tour around London and how wonderful that this one has survived for so many centuries, and I hope many more to come.

  3. May 5, 2015

    If you want to have a coffee under a mulbery tree go the the cafe by the information kiosk at the Hyde Park Corner end of Hyde Park

  4. May 5, 2015

    Wonderful tree! The old mulberry here in our little town looks similar. Valerie

  5. May 5, 2015

    May I introduce? MY TREE, an Oak Tree of more than 500 years, located at the Sensenstein near Kassel, a natural monument, has lost some of his larger branches during the last thunderstorms. But that doesn’t bother him. He has survived 500 years of human history!

    Love & Peace

  6. Liz permalink
    May 5, 2015

    A lovely post! Must keep all those suggestions as to what we can do with our mulberry. At the moment the prolific fruit crop is used for puddings during the short season and for jams and jellies. And once for wine – which was delicious and so heavy it tasted closer to port. Gentle Author, come back and see the Haggerston mulberry in fruit and you will go away with a gift from it!

  7. Mary permalink
    May 5, 2015

    Lovely post – remember Tottenham cakes were coloured with mulberry. for a few traditional recipes.

  8. Geof.C.Carne permalink
    June 30, 2016

    An absolutely fascinating article about these venerable old arboreal masterpieces, which happen to produce my favourite berry. As a boy in Perth, W. A. I kept some silkworms and used to weave from the cocoons. We fondly believed we were helping the war effort by making silk for parachutes! (This was in about 1942).

  9. November 26, 2019

    In 1976 Mr Geoffery LeMare, Upper Bailiff of the Worshipful Company of Weavers celebrated the opening of Humphries Weaving Co. at DeVere Mill in Castle Hedingham Essex by planting a White Mulberry Tree (Morus Alba) the planting of a further 60 trees gave the visiting public a chance to see silk worms (bombyx Mori) involved in the secrets of sericulture which grew to harvest 8000 cocoons in just a few years. Alas the time involved picking a kilo of mulberry leaves for each worm during their short 40 day life proved just why we are unable to commercially have a UK made silk thread. We must praise the 60 million families in China today who work in the silk industry.

  10. Anthony Woods permalink
    September 25, 2020

    Sadly this was far from the oldest mulberry in the uk – one near myself in Cornwall was recorded in the doomsday book and was until recently still at its location but the wanton destruction of it by the previous owner of the manor where it was destroyed it in a fit of pique. So seeing these ancient trees which are often slow growing is a pleasure and privilege – hopefully this one will outlive all of us !

  11. chris allan permalink
    May 11, 2021

    The Diary of Augustus Hare (1834 – 1903)

    Cokenach, Oct. 8th 1852; “I was so glad to come here for two days. The dear old Stoke carriage with Lou Clinton in it met me at Royston. She took me first to see the antiquities – Lady Rohesia’s chapel and Roysie’s Cave, which gave the place its name, and a house where James I stayed when he came hunting, in which his bedroom is preserved with its old furniture. In the garden is the first mulberry-tree ever planted in England. We reached Cokenach by the field roads. I was taken up at once to Lady Louisa, who sat, as years ago, in her large chair by the blazing firelogs, with all her baskets of papers round her, and her table covered with things.”

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