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Save Spiegelhalters!

January 9, 2015
by the gentle author

One of my favourite buildings in the East End is Wickhams Department Store, wrapped snugly around the former Spiegelhalters’ Jewellers in the Mile End Rd. But now the owners Resolution Property plan to demolish Spiegelhalters, erasing the extraordinary story it tells and sacrificing a unique architectural wonder for the sake of a glass atrium. Below I uncover the curious origin of this idiosyncratic landmark as a campaign to save Spiegelhalters gets underway with a Petition by David Collard demanding Tower Hamlets Council grant it locally-listed status.

Wickhams, Mile End Rd

Observe how the gap-toothed smile of this building undermines the pompous ambition of its classical design. Without this gaping flaw, it would be just another example of debased classicism but, thanks to the hole in the middle, it transcends its own thwarted architectural ambitions to become a work of unintentional genius.

Built in 1927, Wickhams Department Store in the Mile End Rd was meant to be the “Harrods of East London.” The hubris of its developers was such that they simply assumed the small shopkeepers in this terrace would all fall into line and agree to move out, so the masterplan to build the new department store could proceed. But they met their match in the Spiegelhalters at 81 Mile End Rd, the shop you see sandwiched in the middle. The first Mr Spiegelhalter had set up his jewellery business in Whitechapel in 1828 when he emigrated from Germany, and his descendants moved to 81 Mile End Rd in 1880, where the business was run by three Spiegelhalter brother who had been born on the premises. These brothers refused all inducements to sell.

I wish I could have been a fly on the wall of the office of those developers because there must have been words – before they came to the painful, compromised decision to go ahead and build around the Spiegelhalters. Maybe they comforted themselves with the belief that eventually the gap could be closed and their ambitions fully realised at some later date? If so, it was a short-lived consolation because the position of the Spiegelhalters’ property was such that the central tower of Wickhams Department Store had to be contructed off-centre with seven window bays on the left and nine on the right, rather than nine on either side. This must have been the final crushing humiliation for the developers – how the Spiegelhalter brothers must have laughed.

The presence of the word “halter” within the name Spiegelhalter cannot have escaped the notice of bystanders – “Spiegel-halter by name, halter by nature!” they surely observed. Those stubborn Spiegelhalters had the last laugh too, because the lopsided department store which opened in 1927, closed in the nineteen sixties, while the Spiegelhalters waited until 1988 to sell out, over a century after they opened. I think they made their point.

As part of a plan to redevelop this building in 2009, a planning application contained the following text,“the attractiveness and uniformity of 69-89 Mile End Rd is only marred by 81 Mile End Rd which is inferior in terms of appearance, detailing and architecture.” These people obviously have no sense of humour – proposing to demolish 81 and replace it with a glass atrium to provide access to the offices. Where are the Spiegelhalters when we need them?

Five years ago, you could look through the metal shutter and see Spiegelhalter’s nineteenth century shopfront intact with its curved glass window and mosaic entrance floor spelling out “Spiegelhalters.” Since then, with disdainful arrogance, the owners of the building have destroyed this, leaving just the front wall of the building – ready to proceed with their glass atrium once they get permission. Yet at this moment, while the facade of Spiegelhalters still stands, the entire building and the story it tells is legible. So I ask you to show some of that Spiegelhalter pluck and sign the petition to save this remarkable edifice for future generations as an embodiment of the East End spirit.

As self-evident testimony to the story of its own construction, the Wickhams building is simultaneously a towering monument to the relentless ambition that needs to be forever modernising, and also to the contrary stick-in-the-mud instinct that sees no point in any change. Willpower turned back on itself created this unique edifice. The paradoxical architecture of Wickhams Department Store inadvertently achieves what many architects dream of – because in its very form and structure, it expresses something profound about the contradictory nature of what it means to be human.

Resolution Property’s proposal to replace the historic Spiegelhalters with an empty space

Wickhams seen from Whitechapel

Resolution Property’s proposal for the future of Wickhams with Spiegelhalters as a mere void

Spiegelhalters in 1900


23 Responses leave one →
  1. January 9, 2015

    As kids we always loved the sight of Spiegelhalters in the middle of Wickhams! I hope the owners will not be allowed to demolish it! Valerie

  2. Christiane permalink
    January 9, 2015

    Spiegelhalter literally means ‘mirror holder’, making its name maybe even more emblematic of the role it has played in stubbornly ‘halting’ the Wickham scheme while holding up a mirror to our contradictory human nature.
    I seem to remember that, most recently, the building was occupied by the Carmel food store, but that must have closed at least 10 years ago. So sad the building has already had its guts ripped out, more surreptitious destruction of heritage fabric by developers all too sure that they will ultimate prevail. All the more reason for signing the petition.

  3. January 9, 2015

    This story reminds me of the Victoria Hotel in Amsterdam, which had to be built around two small 17th-century houses because the owners asked far more money for them than the builders were willing to pay (a good picture of it may be viewed here: Good luck on the campaign. Such city lore should never be lost, certainly not if it’s going to be replaced by some soulless structure…

  4. January 9, 2015

    We treasure Spiegalhalters shop because it has a story – one worthy of an old Ealing comedy where the little guys refused to sell out to the big bully company and so they had to build around them. It even has an after credits coda, where the little jewellers carries on long after the bigger building has gone bust.

    Passing it always makes me smile. It makes a lot of people smile and we don’t want to see it’s last vestige’s go. It is stories and associations that give an area a sense of place, of history, of humanity – which is something developers never seem to understand or desire.

    Their new development will be called Department W, a cold dehumanized riff on this once being Wickham’s Department store. It sounds like a warehouse for storing dead aliens.

  5. January 9, 2015

    *** JE SUIS CHARLIE ***

    Amour & paix

  6. Neville Turner permalink
    January 9, 2015

    Long live the cause of Speigelhalter a long lived icon of east london.Keep up the good work.

  7. Georgie Rowe permalink
    January 9, 2015

    This absolutley must be saved, my mum is a Spiegelhalter and my granddad and his father owned Spiegelhalters in Kensal rise, we cannot lose this beautiful building in Mile End. It should live on just like our shop is in penzance cornwall.
    Everyone should sign this petition

  8. Brian Mead permalink
    January 10, 2015

    Ican remember this icon from my childhood visiting relatives in the East End from Southend on Sea in the 1950’s. it was always a source of joy osee the triumph of a ‘David & Goliath’style. Even now it is a potent symbol of the triumph of the Spiegalhalter family. It should be preserved as a reminder that might is not always right. Please ensure it continues as a happy sign of that, to allow a successor to Wickhams to triumph would be a betrayal of a our heritage. In deed a plaque ought to be appended to the building celebrating the courage & foresight of the Spiegalhalters. What a wonderful tradition to be preserved!

  9. Joel Spiegelhalter permalink
    January 12, 2015

    Generating as much support as we can down here in Cornwall. BJ Spiegelhalter and Son, jewellers in Penzance, distant cousins to the ones in Mile end and previously based in North West London, Kensal Rise. Would be a damn shame for the history of this building to be redeveloped.

  10. Margaret Wiltshire permalink
    February 3, 2015

    Don’t let it be demolished.
    In about 1949 my engagement ring was bought there, I still wear it all the time , a symbol of a very happy time and many years of happy marriage.
    Let it be a reminder of one family’s determination to keep history alive.

  11. Michael Moore permalink
    February 24, 2015

    I will be leading a walk on 5th March for my bowls club. I will tell them the story, such an interesting story, and hopefully more will sign the petition. I don’t want the building finishing the same way as Capt Cook’s house over the road. The story alone is worth preserving.

  12. Joanna McIntyre permalink
    February 25, 2015

    I am distantly related to the Spiegelhalters – my grandfather was born a Spiegelhalter and then his family changed their name to Salter in 1919 to avoid problems after the first world war. I am proud to be decended from this ‘stubborn’ family! Let it stay – why not bring it back to it’s former glory or be creative with it and make it a unique place to visit.

  13. Richard Wakeford permalink
    February 25, 2015

    Too much of our heritage is being destroyed and although there appears to be little of the jeweller’s shop remaining, what does, should be a reminder of the spirit of the Spiegelhalters.
    I have a good friend, Eddie Spiegelhalter of Barnstaple and we were reminded of a similar situation when the owner of a small grocery shop in the High Street refused to move and a large store was built around it. We need people with the integrity to resist, whatever the cash inducement.

  14. Lyndsey permalink
    March 4, 2015

    Just because the Spiegelhalter building, and the Wickhams building surrounding it, appears to be unsightly doesn’t mean that it is less than a significant piece of history! It’s awful to hear that only the facade is remaining but I really hope that stays. Let this be an example of history and humanity.

  15. gloria permalink
    March 14, 2015

    I think the Spiegelhalter building should be kept in place and made into a Cafe where gourmet coffee and tea could be served, and where conversation and individuality could flourish. This would seem to be in keeping with the historical events of the two buildings and the differing values.

    The goal would be not only to preserve the building, but to have a comtemporary use of the space well into the future, without loosing the old charm.

  16. May 29, 2015

    I agree with Gloria, a coffee shop ot tea house would be fab.
    We need to keep our historic buildings not keep tearing them down!
    List it!

  17. Robert Schmidt permalink
    November 21, 2015

    My great grandmother was a Spiegelhalter and moved to America with her two daughters Mary and Hilda Watson- I heard stories of how they loved the shop and wished they had never left England in 1917. Mary was my grandmother and settled in Northern California and my mother inherited the Spiegelhalter resolve. If any relatives would care to get in touch please email me- Robert Oakley Schmidt – at

  18. Alan Merryweather permalink
    December 13, 2015

    For Family Historians.
    I live in Cirencester and was reminiscing with my next-door neighbour (born 1924!) and we talked about Mr Spiegelhalter the jeweller and his little shop in Station Terrrace, Kensal Rise, our home town.
    Mr S. was a polite, very tall handsome man and had an equally fine son.

    When I was about 12 he sold my mother my first watch, but it was soon back for repair as it didn’t have Incabloc shock protection.

    My sister in law told me the son married a girl from Hanover Road – where both me and my neighbour lived …

  19. Roy Canning permalink
    March 14, 2016

    When I was a boy I lived near Welling, Kent (now SE London) and a similar think happened there.

    A 1930’s built block of shops, I can’t remember, but it was about 6 shops, was gradually taken over by a car showroom They had all the ground floor knocked into one with folding glass fronted doors so they could put the cars out on the forecourt. That was except for a blemish on the last but one shop.

    It was a little furniture shop with its canvas cover sheltering its furniture on its own forecourt interrupting the desired monopoly of the second hand car shop owner. He held out for ages, but in the early 1960s the furniture shop owner either caved in or perhaps died. The car showroom had the whole block of shops in the end.

    What was the name of the road where this happened – Upper Wickham Lane!

    I only stumbled across Wickham’s/Spiegalhalters recently and was intregued by it. How can anybody not want this preserved for posterity? It is bad enough that the jewellers façade was destroyed after surviving for so long. I am sorry I am too late for the petition but I hope my interest now helps.

  20. May 26, 2016

    Hello everyone, I’m a relative of Spiegelhalters (living in Miami, USA) and just realized that my ancestry tree is very close. Yesterday, I visited the site and interviewed the neighbors in the mosque, small jobs etc and overwhelmingly learned the support for the Spiegelhalter’s jewelery and clockmaker shop. It is indeed an Icon of Resistance and brings smiles on the faces of the community in this vibrant neighborhood. What can I do as an architect and town planner support the pledge to preserve this Icon from my remote office in Miami? Best wishes, Thomas

  21. Jan Bradley permalink
    September 3, 2017

    My mother’s first job was a waitress at Wickhams, she was only 14 in approx 1929. They had to be very quick on their feet at that time & she told us that her sisters called her “quickhams from Wickhams” – she didn’t stay for long but ironically when she got engaged to my father in the 1930’s he bought the engagement ring from, you guessed it, Spiegelhalters – I inherited it & wear it often. Hope the petition was successful.

  22. Brenda dunn permalink
    November 3, 2019

    In June 1959 my late husband and I bought an engagement ring from Spiegelhalter Bros Ltd, following in the footsteps of his parents in 1930s. I came across the receipt today and googled the shop. I remember going into the shop at 81 Mile End Road and read the history with interest.

  23. Jason permalink
    May 9, 2021

    Still wearing my Grandads Spiegelhalter watch. Just had it serviced. Love the fact that the postcode is on the watch face.

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