Christopher Marlowe In Norton Folgate
As part of the SAVE NORTON FOLGATE cultural festival, we are delighted to welcome Professor Lisa Hopkins who will be giving a lecture of the subject of one of our most celebrated local writers, CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE IN LONDON, next Monday 23rd February at 6:30pm at The Water Poet in Folgate St. All events in the festival are free - Click here to book your ticket
“What nourishes me destroys me” – Christopher Marlowe aged twenty-one in 1585
Towards the end of the sixteenth century, Shoreditch and Norton Folgate comprised theatre land for Elizabethan London, with a monument in St Leonard’s Church today commemorating the actors who once lived locally and tax records suggesting William Shakespeare was a parishioner of St Helen’s, Bishopsgate, in 1598.
A warrant issued in September 1589 for the arrest of the mysterious yet charismatic tragedian & poet Christopher Marlowe confirms that the twenty-five year old writer was resident in the Liberty of Norton Folgate. He shared lodgings with fellow playwright Thomas Kyd and his Cambridge friend Thomas Watson, the poet, lived nearby. Marlowe’s plays were likely to have been performed at The Theatre in New Inn Yard and The Curtain in Curtain Rd at this time.
“Thomas Watson of Norton Folgate in Middlesex County, gentleman, and Christopher Marlowe of the same, yeoman….were delivered to jail the 18th day of September by Stephen Wyld, Constable of the same on suspicion of murder” reads the warrant.
The story goes that Marlowe was set upon in Hog Lane – now Worship St – by William Bradley, an innkeeper’s son, over a unpaid debt and Thomas Watson intervened with his sword to protect his friend, stabbing Bradley to death. Although Marlowe took flight, he was arrested and imprisoned in Newgate with Watson for a fortnight. On 3rd December, they were tried and, after Watson’s claim of self-defence was accepted, both were discharged with a warning to keep the peace.
But in May 1592, Marlowe was summoned again to appear at the Middlesex sessions for assaulting two constables in Holywell Lane, Shoreditch – when the constables attested that they went in fear of their lives because of him. Once more, Marlowe was required to keep the peace or to appear before the magistrates at the next general session and receive a penalty of twenty pounds. There is no record whether he ever answered to this charge.
The final years of Marlowe’s life are traced through a series of violent encounters with the law, yet between 1588 and his death at twenty-nine in 1593, Marlowe wrote Edward II, Doctor Faustus, The Jew of Malta and The Massacre of Paris – which means that we may conclude that all or at least part of these plays were written while he was a resident of Norton Folgate.
A manuscript page from The Massacre at Paris, in Christopher Marlowe’s handwriting or that of his secretary Hugh Sanford, which may have been composed while Marlowe was resident in Norton Folgate
Worship St (formerly Hog Lane) where Christopher Marlowe was accosted in 1589 by innkeeper’s son William Bradley, over an unpaid debt, and Marlowe’s friend Thomas Watson killed Bradley
Holywell Lane where Christopher Marlowe assaulted two Constables in May 1592
MARLOWE IN LONDON, Monday 23rd February 6:30pm at The Water Poet, Folgate St
This lecture will explore how Christopher Marlowe came to be in Norton Folgate, how his surroundings helped shape his work and the traces that his work in turn left on the cultural geography of early modern London.
LISA HOPKINS is Professor of English at Sheffield Hallam University who has written extensively on Marlowe, including Christopher Marlowe, Dramatist (Edinburgh University Press, 2008), A Christopher Marlowe Chronology (Palgrave, 2005), and Christopher Marlowe: A Literary Life (London: Palgrave, 2000).
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